Author Guidelines


The articles should be original, unpublished, and not in consideration for publication elsewhere at the time of submission to the IJASSE. Authors are solely responsible for ensuring that their articles comply with scientific and ethical standards and for the content of the article. The journal holds the copyright for all published articles. The publisher disclaims any liability for loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demands, or costs or damages whatsoever arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of the research material. Authors, applicable copyright laws and treaties should be observed. Copyrighted material (e.g. tables, figures or large quotations) should be used with appropriate permission and acknowledgment. All authors are required to disclose any actual or potential conflicts of interest, including financial, personal, or other relationships with individuals or organizations related to the submitted work. The work of other authors, contributors or sources cited should be used appropriately and acknowledged in the references.

Ethics in publishing

The articles may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes.  Authors alone are responsible for the contents of their articles. The journal owns the copyright of the articles. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of the research material. All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations regarding the submitted work.

Please consider that editors and reviewers invest significant time in the submission. Thus, the submission cannot be withdrawn without the approval of the editorial office during the review, the revision, the production after acceptance or publication process.

Article Template

Please use the IJASSE Article Template to format your paper. Click here to download the article template


Papers are accepted only in English.

Word Count.

Although there is no specific word limit for manuscripts, authors are encouraged to write concisely. A submission should be min. 10 pages in length.

File Type

File should be saved in Word .doc or .docx file type.

Page Setup

  • Please use margins of 2.5 cm (1 inch).
  • Please use A-4 page size.
  • Please use font style as Times New Roman.

Title Page

  • Please use 14-point bold for your article title, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns. Please margin the article title to the center.  
  • All the authors of a paper should include their full names, affiliations, postal addresses, telephone and fax numbers, email addresses, and ORCID information on the manuscript. One author should be identified as the Corresponding Author. 
  • An informative 10-point bold abstract (150 to 200 words) presenting the main points of the paper and conclusions.
  • Please include descriptive keywords (3 to 5). Capitalize the first letter of each keyword (e.g., Science education, Survey development).

Main Text

  • Please use a 10-point font size.
  • Please margin the text to be justified.
  • Manuscripts should be 1.5 times spaced.
  • Footnotes and endnotes are not accepted. All relevant information should be included in main text.
  • Do not indent paragraphs; leave a space of one line between consecutive paragraphs.
  • Do not underline words for emphasis. Use italics instead.
  • Both numbered lists and bulleted lists can be used if necessary.
  • Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure that every in-text citation has a corresponding reference in the reference list. Conversely, ensure that every entry in the reference list has a corresponding in-text citation.


  • Subdivide text into unnumbered sections, using short, meaningful subheadings. Please do not use numbered headings.
  • Please limit heading use to three levels.
  • Please use 12-point bold for first-level headings, 10-point bold for second-level headings, and 10-point italics for third -level headings with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
  • Leave one blank line before and after each heading (Exception: leave one line between consecutive headings.)
  • Please margin all headings to the left.

Tables and Figures

  • Please embed tables and figures in appropriate areas within the document and center them horizontally. Tables and figures should not exceed the given page margins.
  • Provide captions (maximum length: 6 to 8 words) for each table or figure.with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns. 
  • Centre the caption above the table and below the figure. 
  • Please reference the table or figure in the text before it is given in the text.
  • Please do not use vertical lines in tables.
  • For figures, GIF and JPEG (JPG) are the preferred formats.

Acknowledgements or Notes

Please collate acknowledgements or notes in a separate section at the end of the article before the references.


  • Manuscripts are submitted in APA style. Please refer to the latest Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
  • At the end of the article, please list all references in alphabetical order (based on authors’ last names).
  • Please use the first-level heading: “References”

Examples of APA style:
Do not number in-text citations. Provide the last name(s) of the author(s) and the date of publication in parentheses. If the author’s name appears within the sentence, then provide only the date of publication in parentheses.

In-text Citations

These information gathered form

Using references in text

For APA, you use the authors' surnames only and the year in text. If you are using a direct quote, you will also need to use a page number.

Narrative citations:

If an in-text citation has the authors' names as part of the sentence (that is, outside of brackets) place the year and page numbers in brackets immediately after the name, and use 'and' between the authors' names:  Jones and Smith (2020, p. 29)

Parenthetical citations:

If an in-text citation has the authors' names in brackets use "&" between the authors' names :  (Jones & Smith, 2020, p. 29).

Note: Some lecturers want page numbers for all citations, while some only want page numbers with direct quotes. Check with your lecturer to see what you need to do for your assignment.

1 author

  • Smith (2020) found that "the mice disappeared within minutes" (pp. 29-30).
  • The author stated "the mice disappeared within minutes" (Smith, 2020, p. 29).

2 authors

  • Jones and Smith (2020) found that "the mice disappeared within minutes" (pp. 29-30).
  • The authors stated "the mice disappeared within minutes" (Jones & Smith, 2020, p. 29).

For 3 or more authors, use the first author and "et al." for all in-text citations

  • Green et al.'s (2019) findings indicated that the intervention was not based on evidence from clinical trials.
  • It appears the intervention was not based on evidence from clinical trials (Green et al., 2019).

If you cite more than one work in the same set of brackets in text, your citations will go in the same order in which they will appear in your reference list (i.e. alphabetical order, then oldest to newest for works by the same author) and be separated by a semi-colon. E.g.:

  • (Corbin, 2015; James & Waterson, 2017; Smith et al., 2016).
  • (Corbin, 2015; 2018)
  • (Queensland Health, 2017a; 2017b)
  • Use only the surnames of your authors in text (e.g., Smith & Brown, 2014) - however, if you have two authors with the same surname who have published in the same year, then you will need to use their initials to distinguish between the two of them (e.g., K. Smith, 2014; N. Smith, 2014). Otherwise, do not use initials in text.

If your author isn't an "author".

Whoever is in the "author" position of the reference in the references list is treated like an author in text. So, for example, if you had an edited book and the editors of the book were in the "author" position at the beginning of the reference, you would treat them exactly the same way as you would an author - do not include any other information. The same applies for works where the "author" is an illustrator, producer, composer, etc.


This guide contains examples of common types of APA Style references. Section numbers indicate where to find the examples in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

More information on references and reference examples are in Chapters 9 and 10 of the Publication Manual as well as the Concise Guide to APA Style (7th ed.). Also see the Reference Examples pages on the APA Style website.

Journal Article

Edwards, A. A., Steacy, L. M., Siegelman, N., Rigobon, V. M., Kearns, D. M., Rueckl, J. G., & Compton, D. L. (2022). Unpacking the unique relationship between set for variability and word reading development: Examining word- and child-level predictors of performance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 114(6), 1242–1256.

Online Magazine Article

Thomson, J. (2022, September 8). Massive, strange white structures appear on Utah’s Great Salt Lake.Newsweek. mirabilite-1741151

Print Magazine Article

Nicholl, K. (2020, May). A royal spark. Vanity Fair, 62(5), 56–65, 100.

Online Newspaper Article

Roberts, S. (2020, April 9). Early string ties us to Neanderthals. The New York Times.

Print Newspaper Article 

Reynolds, G. (2019, April 9). Different strokes for athletic hearts. The New York Times, D4.

Blog Post 

Rutledge, P. (2019, March 11). The upside of social media. The Media Psychology Blog.

Authored Book

Kaufman, K. A., Glass, C. R., & Pineau, T. R. (2018). Mindful sport performance enhancement: Mental training for athletes and coaches. American Psychological Association.

Edited Book Chapter

Zeleke, W. A., Hughes, T. L., & Drozda, N. (2020). Home–school collaboration to promote mind– body health. In C. Maykel & M. A. Bray (Eds.), Promoting mind–body health in schools: Interventions for mental health professionals (pp. 11–26). American Psychological Association.

Report by a Group Author

World Health Organization. (2014). Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition. eng.pdf?ua=1

Report by Individual Authors 

Winthrop, R., Ziegler, L., Handa, R., & Fakoya, F. (2019). How playful learning can help leapfrog progress in education. Center for Universal Education at Brookings. uploads/2019/04/how_playful_learning_can_help_leapfrog_progress_in_education.pdf

Conference Session

Davidson, R. J. (2019, August 8–11). Well-being is a skill [Conference session]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States. Program_190708.pdf

Conference Proceedings

Morgan, R., Meldrum, K., Bryan, S., Mathiesen, B., Yakob, N., Esa, N., & Ziden, A. A. (2017). Embedding digital literacies in curricula: Australian and Malaysian experiences. In G. B. Teh & S. C. Choy (Eds.), Empowering 21st century learners through holistic and enterprising learning: Selected papers from Tunku Abdul Rahman University College International Conference 2016 (pp. 11-19). Springer.

Dissertation From a Database

Horvath-Plyman, M. (2018). Social media and the college student journey: An examination of how social media use impacts social capital and affects college choice, access, and transition (Publication No. 10937367). [Doctoral dissertation, New York University]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.

Dissertation From Website

Axford, J.C. (2007). What constitutes success in Pacific Island community conserved areas? [Doctoral dissertation, University of Queensland]. UQ eSpace.

Unpublished Dissertation

Neel, B. L. (2017). Three flute chamber works by Alberto Ginastera: Intertwining elements of art and folk music [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Preprint Article 

Latimier, A., Peyre, H., & Ramus, F. (2020). A meta-analytic review of the benefit of spacing out retrieval practice episodes on retention. PsyArXiv.

PowerPoint From a Classroom Website 

Mack, R., & Spake, G. (2018). Citing open source images and formatting references for presentations [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas@FNU.


Obama, B. [@BarackObama]. (2020, April 7). It’s World Health Day, and we owe a profound debt of gratitude to all our medical professionals. They’re still giving [Tweet]. Twitter. BarackObama/status/1247555328365023238

Open Educational Resource 

Fagan, J. (2019, March 25). Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved January 7, 2020, from


Chandler, N. (2020, April 9). What’s the difference between Sasquatch and Bigfoot? howstuffworks. difference.htm

Webpage on a News Website

Machado, J., & Turner, K. (2020, March 7). The future of feminism. Vox. identities/2020/3/7/21163193/international-womens-day-2020

Webpage With a Retrieval Date

Center for Systems Science and Engineering. (2020, May 6). COVID-19 dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). Johns Hopkins University & Medicine, Coronavirus Resource Center. Retrieved May 6, 2020, from